Earlier in the year I was asked by the University of St Andrews Open Access Team to give an interview to a group from the University of Edinburgh Library. I’m certainly no expert, but I’m more excited about the idea than some researchers here at St Andrews (though there are some other researchers here, like Kim McKee, who are extremely enthusiastic about it). The video is embedded below, with my 40 second contribution from 8:44 onwards.



My interview actually lasted more than half an hour, though most of what I was trying to communicate wasn’t really consistent with what the interviewers wanted. If you watch the video through, you’ll notice the editorial push towards green rather than gold OA*. I do understand this push, especially from a library’s perspective – we can and should be uploading the vast majority of our work to institutional repositories and making it open access via the green route – but I don’t think that is helps the long-term health of academic publishing.

I spent a long time in my interview arguing for gold open access, but not the ‘hybrid’ gold open access offered by traditional publishers like Elsevier. (I find the current implementation of hybrid open access pretty abhorrent. It seems to me to be an utterly transparent way for the traditional publishers to milk the cow at both ends, collecting subscriptions and APCs.)  I’m not even too thrilled by the native OA publishers like Frontiers and PLoS, not because they’re bad for academic publishing (I think they are far better for the dissemination of research than the traditional publishers), but because they’re not revolutionary (though see Graham Steel’s comments below)**. Their model is pretty straightforward (or you could call it boring and expensive) – by shifting the collection of money from the back- to the front- end, they negate the need for institutional subscriptions by charging APCs in the region of $1000s. What I am excited about is the gold open access offered by some open access publishers who have thought about a publishing model for the modern era from the ground up, not by simple adaptation of printing press-era models. Publishers like PeerJ and The Winnower have done just this, and these are the sorts of gold OA publishers I hope will change the way we disseminate research.

Sadly for me, I didn’t express myself well enough on that matter to make the final cut of this video. Next time…


* Here’s a brief primer in case you’re not familiar with these terms. Green OA is repository-based free OA – you typically deposit author versions (the documents submitted to the journal rather than the typeset documents published by the journal) into an institutional database. Anyone who knows to look in the repository for your work will find it there. Gold OA is not free – there are almost always article processing charges (APCs) – but once paid for, anyone can access the publisher version of your paper directly from the  publisher’s website.


** Parentheses added 14/08/2014 following Graham Steel’s comments.

3 thoughts on “Open Access in Scottish Universities

  1. All good and enjoyed the video.

    My only comment re. you post is where you say that the likes of PLOS are “not revolutionary”. Disagree. If it were not for PLOS and in particular, PLOS ONE, I doubt we would have seen the birth of the many “clones” that are out there. Secondly, PLOS are not .

    • You’re absolutely right Graham. I didn’t think about the important of PLOS in the birth of the OA movement and so the “not revolutionary” comment is certainly questionable, if not incorrect (blog updated to point to your comment). Thanks!


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